What is sociology:
Sociology is the youngest of the social sciences. It’s major field of study is human society. It is popularly known as a science of society.
It joined the family of social sciences. As a new member very recently in the 19th century a French philosopher by name Auguste comte, laid the foundations of the science of sociology. He is widely recognized as the father of sociology, it was he who made a general approach to the study of human society. Comte introduced for the first time the word sociology in his lectures on “positive philosophy” in the year 1839.
Meaning of sociology:
The word sociology is derived from the Latin word “Socius” [companion] and the greek word “Logos” [science or study]. Thus the meaning of sociology is the “science of society”
Definition of sociology:
Sociology has been defined by the different sociologist by different way.
According to Ogburn and Nimkoff – “The scientific study of social life”
According to MacIver and Page – “Sociology is about social relationship”
According to Park and Burgress - “it is a science of collective behaviour”
Emergence of sociology:
Sociology came to be established as an independent and separate social science in the middle of the 19th century. Various factors such as Political, Social & Economic factors caused for the Emergence of sociology.
Factors contributed to Emergence of sociology.
1. Growth and Natural and social science.
2. Industrial revolutions.
3. Renaissance and Reformations.